Our attorneys provide complete legal assistance for adoption services to Intended Parents.
Adoption is a legal process whereby Intended Parents adopt a child who is not genetically related to them and thereby acquire the rights and responsibilities of parents in all respects to the adopted child. When adoption is finalized, the adoptive parents will receive a new birth certificate for the child, naming them as the parents.
Our services include:
- Domestic Private & Public Agency Adoption
- Domestic Private Placement Adoption
- Step Parent Adoption
- Second Parent Adoption
- International Adoption
Learn more about our specific services by clicking on the following categories:
Domestic Private & Public Agency Adoption
Domestic Agency Adoption involves adoption of children who are in the custody of the state or the adoption of children through private agencies that have a state license. These processes are also known as Public Agency Adoption and Private Agency Adoption. Adoption through an agency includes children who have been placed in foster care as well as children who have been placed for adoption by the birth parents through the private licensed agency.
Domestic Private Agency Adoption:
Domestic Private Agency Adoption involves a private licensed agency that acts as an intermediary between the Intended Parents and the birth parents. The agency engages in screening all Intended Parents and birth parents and matching the Intended Parents with the birth parents.
The Intended Parents and the birth parents may choose to engage in an open adoption or a closed adoption. In an open adoption, the Intended Parents and the birth parents will know some identifying information about each other. Both parties may choose how much, if any, future contact will be maintained between the birth parents and the adopted child. In a closed adoption, the Intended Parents’ and the birth parents’ information will remain confidential, and there will be no future contact between the birth parents and the adopted child.
Domestic Public Agency:
A Domestic Public Agency involves an agency of the State, such as the Department of Social Services. In public agency matters, the birth parents’ parental rights are either surrendered by the birth parents, or are terminated by the court for reasons such as neglect or abuse of the child.
In Domestic Public Agency matters, the Intended Parents are matched with waiting children, and typically adopt a child through the foster care system. The Intended Parents may receive a subsidy from the State for caring for the child, as well as an additional subsidy to cover their legal fees and expenses.
Domestic Private Placement Adoption
Domestic Private Placement Adoptions, also known as independent adoptions, are adoptions where an agency is not involved. Instead, the birth parents have direct contact with the adoptive parents or an attorney to finalize the adoption. The birth parents and the adoptive parents typically connect through family, friends, or internet forums. The birth parents and the adoptive parents may choose how much identifying information is exchanged between the parties for purposes of maintaining confidentiality. The birth parents and the adoptive parents may also choose if they would like the adoption to be open, where the birth parents will maintain some type of future contact with the child, or if no future contact will be maintained.
Step Parent Adoption
Step Parent Adoption is when the spouse of a biological or legal parent wishes to adopt the child of that parent. The step parent may proceed to adopt the child only if the non-spousal biological or legal parent consents to the adoption, or if the non-spousal parent’s rights are terminated.
Second Parent Adoption
Second Parent Adoption, also known as co-parent adoption, is a legal process by which an individual may adopt the child of his or her life partner.
Second parent adoption allows an individual within a same-sex relationship to adopt his or her partner’s biological or adoptive child. This would guarantee the recognition of parental rights to both individuals of the same-sex couple if they travel or relocate to a state which is not friendly toward same-sex families.
Our attorneys help Intended Parents choose an agency that fits their specific needs to guide and assist them throughout the international adoption process.
Once the Intended Parents have successfully adopted their child internationally, their adopted child will not necessarily qualify for a United States citizenship. In some cases it may be necessary for the adoptive parents to re-adopt their child in the United States so that the child may obtain United States citizenship.